A recent blog post at Supercoder exclaims there will be a new code for Postpartum Depression in the ICD-10. What’s the ICD? The ICD ” is the standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management and clinical purposes, according to WHO. This includes the analysis of the general health situation of population groups.” In simple terms, the ICD is where codes for diagnoses and treatment are found and then used by doctors for your charts and for insurance purposes. Of course, it is also used for research and tracking purposes as well (epidemiology).
One would think this is good news as it changes the convolutions from the ICD-9 and simplifies it into one code. But in my personal opinion, this is not a good step for anyone. Why not?
Because, according to the blog post at Supercoder, this new code will reflect a diagnosis of Postpartum Depression as Puerperal Psychosis. What’s the ONE thing we always, always, always cry from the rooftops?
POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION IS NOT PSYCHOSIS.
And yet, in the new version of the diagnostic bible for medical professionals, postpartum depression will indeed, become psychosis.
Why the change?
According to Medicaid’s page regarding the switch from ICD-9 to ICD-10, “The ICD-10 code set is much better at describing the current practice of medicine, and has the flexibility to adapt as medicine changes.”
In my humble, non-professional, survivor opinion, this is not a move forward. Instead, this is a step back. We have fought so very hard to differentiate postpartum depression from psychosis. For women, it is an important distinction to make when seeking help. With media sensationalism, the cases the public hears about are rooted in psychosis but often referred to as postpartum depression. This is makes the need to differentiate between psychosis and depression urgent. Women and their loved ones need to be reassured that not all cases of Perinatal Mood Disorders are psychosis. In fact, Psychosis is extremely rare and doesn’t always end in death despite carrying the highest risk for both infanticide and suicide.
In reading the code information page at the ICD-10 website, postpartum depression is mentioned and explained in detail. It’s done quite well, actually. However, the fact remains that the leading words are “puerperal psychosis.”
According to Wikipedia, the definition of “Puerperal Psychosis” is “a term that covers a group of mental illnesses with the sudden onset of psychotic symptoms following childbirth. A typical example is for a woman to become irritable, have extreme mood swings and hallucinations, and possibly need psychiatric hospitalization.” While this does indeed describe Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorders, emphasis must be placed upon the fact that psychotic symptoms are not part of all of those diagnoses found under the Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorder umbrella. Only one – Psychosis, involves psychotic symptoms.
I did not struggle with Psychosis but rather with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. I experienced a near-psychotic break as a result of a negative reaction to medication but it resolved once my medication changed. (This is why it is so important to communicate with your physician about any changes in behavior while on any psychiatric medicine).
While I appreciate the effort to simplify the coding for Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorders, the road this starts us down does not seem to clarify much of anything for women, for doctors, or for the media. The results of this change may prove to be a further hindrance to treatment and increase sensationalism with rare cases ending in infanticide and suicide. Imagine a young mother in a room with an untrained physician being informed that she’s just scored positive on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and with this diagnosis of Puerperal Psychosis, she’ll need medication, etc. One would hope physicians would be better but there’s always the what if…the what if that I hear all too much from mothers who have experienced the untrained doctors. Perhaps this is what frightens me most.
I would love to hear the opinion of others regarding this change to the coding for Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorders. Do you think it’s a step in the right direction? Or do you see it as a hindrance to treatment and outreach? Codes are so rarely discussed publicly so perhaps it won’t matter in the grand scheme and I’m over-reacting. But in a world where labels matter (and they do, in the Perinatal Mood & Anxiety Disorder world), this, in my personal opinion, only ends in a huge leap backward.
Chime in below with thoughts and questions.